This is a Smith Chart of a 9 MHz quartz crystal, in 100 Hz steps over a +/- 3 kHz range, nearly centered on the crystal's series resonant frequency. This plot shows that the impedance of a crystal, near series resonance, can be essentially modelled as a series RLC circuit. This model loses accuracy as the parallel resonant frequency is approached, which is dominated by a capacitance that shunts the series RLC network.

Series resonance for this crystal is also seen to be approximately 320 Hz below 9 MHz and the series R is approximately 14 ohms. Additional analysis of this data and measurements can be used to fully characterize the equivalent circuit model for this crystal.

Quartz Crystal Smith Chart


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Paul Kiciak, N2PK

Last updated: 19 Oct. 2006
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